New calls for “real” EU intelligence agency

Following the Paris attacks last week, the first call for a “real” EU intelligence agency has now been made. 

This is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, every major terrorist attack or security problem in Europe has provoked similar demands.

A few examples:

As I have argued before, these ambitions are far from easy to realize, partly because the practitioners themselves are often less enthusiastic.  Other measures to improve the intelligence capacity of the EU and its member states would prove more effective.